The last Medici ruler died without a male heir in 1737, ending the family dynasty after almost three centuries.The Medici story began around the 12th century, when family members from the Tuscan village of Cafaggiolo emigrated to Florence.Parish records were not affected by this political turmoil, although the language of the records sometimes was.
Beginning 1809, areas of Italy controlled by Napoleon, required civil registrars to keep marriage records.
Separation of couples was tolerated, but there was no legal divorce, though betrothals between those too closely related could be annulled.
Grooms, on the average, were 14 years older than their brides.
Beginning in 1434 with the rise to power of Cosimo de’ Medici (or Cosimo the Elder), the family’s support of the arts and humanities made Florence into the cradle of the Renaissance, a cultural flowering rivaled only by that of ancient Greece.
The Medicis produced four popes (Leo X, Clement VII, Pius IV and Leon XI), and their genes have been mixed into many of Europe’s royal families.